Foreign policy and defense
Former colonial power France is the country
that has the greatest influence over the Central African
Republic, both economically, as the country's largest
donor, and militarily.
Even when it comes to a broader international
commitment to the Central African Republic, France plays
an important role. For example, French soldiers made up
the bulk of the EU force, Eufor Chad/RCA
deployed in eastern Chad and in the North East
Central African Republic in 2008 to protect refugees
(see Modern History). Also in 2013, France deployed
approximately 2,000 men in the country,
Operation Sangaris, which, in collaboration
with the UN force Minusca, would prevent militia and
military from committing abuse against the population.
In the spring of 2015, the French force was reduced to
about 1,700 men.
Overview of business holidays and various national observances in Central African Republic for years of 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023, 2024 and 2025.
Through the UN and international aid organizations,
the international community has tried to prevent the
country from collapsing completely. The UN force
Minusca, which in 2014 took over from the
African Union peacekeeping force, Misca, comprised
almost 10,000 men in 2015, most from a large number of
African countries. Its mandate from the UN Security
Council is, among other things, to protect civilians,
facilitate humanitarian operations and support the
transitional government in its work to build a
In April 2014, the EU sent a new force, Eufor-RCA,
of about 750 people who took on the task of contributing
to the stability of Bangui capital and its airport. When
the Eufor-RCA was withdrawn in March 2015, its data was
taken over by Minusca.
Up to September 1, 2015, three French soldiers and
six Minusca members had been killed.
The reputation and mission of the foreign peace
forces has been made more difficult by accusations in a
UN report in spring 2015 against both French soldiers
and members of Minusca for having committed sexual
offenses against minors.
The recurring political unrest has led many Western
countries to cut back on their diplomatic presence in
Relations with several neighboring countries are
problematic. Because of the Central African Republic's
inability to protect borders, conflicts have spilled
over from neighbors into the country.
At the border with Chad in the north as well as Sudan
and South Sudan in the east, it is often troubled.
Relations with Sudan are tense as rebels from each
country established bases in the other country's
territory, which triggered conflict in the border area.
For example, rebels from Darfur in Sudan have fought the
Sudanese military from Central African soil, triggering
countermeasures into the Central African Republic from
the Sudanese army.
At the border with South Sudan there are often screen
savages with livestock keepers on the other side as a
result of competition for water and pasture land.
For Chad, it is important that it is calm in the
border area against the Central African Republic where
an oil pipeline for export runs. Chad thus does not
resort to drastic interventions in the neighboring
country. Chad deployed troops in support of the now
overthrown President François Bozizé, and Chad soldiers
participated in the extensive fighting that ensued after
the Sélé Movement took power in 2013 (see Modern
History). Chad's soldiers were initially defeated
against Séléka, since they were originally President
Bozize's allies, but they sometimes also fought against
anti-Balaka who saw the Chadians as Muslim enemies from
The Ugandan army has also entered the Central African
Republic with fighting as a result. The Ugandan soldiers
have been hunting for the Ugandan guerrilla
Lord's Liberation Army (LRA) that has ravaged
the northeastern part of the country. The hunt must have
been partly done in collaboration with the government in
Bangui. However, relations with Uganda should have
deteriorated since Bozizé was overthrown in 2013. In
April 2017, Uganda announced that the LRA was no longer
a threat and that the country would therefore take home
its forces from the Central African Republic.
The country's occupational army and police forces
have almost been disbanded in recent years' fighting and
the militia have seized military weapons and other
equipment. However, a smaller force remains in the
capital of Bangui. In the past, the military and police
together comprised 8,000 men.
Militants and other irregular forces count up to
11,000 men, including mercenaries from Chad and Sudan.
At a meeting of representatives of the armed groups
in May 2015, most of them agreed that militia members
should give up their weapons or join the new army to be
built with international assistance.
The defense structure was made more difficult by the
arms embargo imposed by the UN against the Central
African Republic in 2013. In 2017, the Central African
government appealed to bring new weapons to the defense
forces. France's first offer was considered too
expensive, but Bangui also refused a shipment of weapons
seized in Somalia. Instead, it was Russia that provided
the country with brand new weapons that were sent to the
Central African Republic in February 2018, after special
permission from the UN Sanctions Committee. But the arms
shipment also brought Russians who would train the
Central African soldiers. One Russian, Valerij Zacharov,
assumed the role of security adviser to President
In the summer of 2018, a new peace agreement was
signed with Russia, which provided both the Central
African Defense Force with light weapons and who would
also train its soldiers (see Calendar). Concerns were
raised at the same time that rebel groups, fearing that
the government army was planning an offensive against
them, were about to arm themselves, through weapons
purchased from Sudan.
In August 2018, the UN Sanctions Committee said no to
allow Russia to send more weapons.
FACTS - DEFENSE
7,000 men (2017)
The air Force
150 men (2017)
Military expenditure's share of GDP
1.3 percent (2017)
Military spending's share of the state budget
9.7 percent (2017)
Ugandan military intervenes against LRA
Uganda's army confirms that it is chasing LRA rebels in the Central African
The LRA's attacks create concern in the border area
Attacks by Ugandan LRA create concern in the area around the Congo-Kinshasa
border and Sudan.
One million people are affected by the violence
The UN states in a report that over a million people have so far been
affected by the violence in the Central African Republic.
New rebel group in the north
A new rebel group called the Patriotic Association for Justice and Peace
(CPJP) announces itself by taking on the city of Ndélé in the north.
Touadéra forms government
Prime Minister Faustin Archange Touadéra forms a new government, where APRD
and UFDR leaders each receive their ministerial post.