Donald Trump calls them "shithole
countries". The poor nations that for various reasons
place themselves on the list of the world's poorest
The ranking is based on the
countries' gross domestic product (GDP) per capita
adjusted for purchasing power parity (PPP) through
Countryaah. PPP, which stands for Purchasing Power
Parity, is used to compare the price difference of goods
between countries. The idea is that PPP should give a
better picture of the standard of living as it takes
into account the cost of living and inflation in the
The information is given in so-called international
dollars , a hypothetical currency with the same
purchasing power as the US dollar.
PPP per capita: 1,504
About 70 percent of the population of Madagascar live
in poor conditions and due to deep-rooted corruption and
political instability, the economic situation is
The most important industry is agriculture and among
the country's largest exports are coffee and
vanilla. Despite the World Bank's attempts to stabilize
Madagascar's economy in the 1980s, political conflicts
in the country have caused several setbacks since then.
PPP per capita: 1,321
Since the declaration of independence in 1993,
Eritrea has struggled with major economic problems. The
country, whose main industry is agriculture, has been
hit by repeated droughts, which have hit the economic
situation hard, and since 1998 it has also chosen not to
receive aid from other countries.
Between 1998-2000, conflicts were raging with
neighboring Ethiopia, which among other things led to
food production being halved. Despite this, there is an
improvement in the country's GDP, which is largely due
to a newly opened gold mine and cement production.
PPP per capita: 1,271
Guinea has Africa's largest mineral
resources. Despite this, the country is one of the
poorest in the world and completely dependent on
international aid. The unrest and fighting near the
border areas of Sierra Leone and Liberia have created
uncertainty and led to the loss of foreign investment.
PPP per capita: 1,228
Mozambique is located on the east coast of southern
Africa. The country went through a war of independence
from Portugal and a bloody civil war before peace was
concluded in 1992. Around one million people had then
lost their lives.
The country has since had relatively good economic
development and political stability. Despite this, a
large proportion of the residents live in great
PPP per capita: 1,139
Malawi is one of the least developed countries in the
world and the country has repeatedly suffered from mass
starvation. It is estimated that over 90 percent of the
population is dependent on agriculture, where tobacco
accounts for more than half of the country's exports.
Malawi's economy is largely dependent on support from
other countries, although since an agricultural reform
in 2005 there has been an improvement in the country's
PPP per capita: 1,113
Niger consists largely of desert and semi-desert and
most of the residents live in the southern parts of
the country. The living conditions of the population are
judged to be very poor. The economy is based on uranium
exports, of which the country has some of the largest
deposits in the world.
Only 30% of the population is literate, and more than
half of the country's children suffer from
malnutrition. Another cause of poverty in Niger is
overpopulation and drought.
PPP per capita: 882
Civil war and a corrupt domestic policy have
destroyed large parts of Liberia's economic resources,
affecting the country's infrastructure in particular.
As a result of protracted civil wars, many
businessmen and skilled labor have fled the country,
taking with them both capital and expertise. At least 80
percent of the population lives in poverty, and today
they are trying to rebuild the country after many years
of oppression under the former dictator Charles
Liberia has recently resumed its previous exports of
ore and diamonds, but what the future holds for the
country's economy is still uncertain to say the least.
PPP per capita: 818
Burundi is a country poor in natural resources, which
also lacks a coast and has a very underdeveloped
industrial sector. The country's largest exports are
coffee and tea, and it has some own production of sweet
potatoes, rice and some oil deposits have been made in
Burundi has at times been shaken by civil war and as
a result, poverty is extreme, education is low, the
legal system is weak and domestic policy is severely
corrupt. Only half of the children go to school and
there is a great shortage of food during periods.
Despite the above problems, attempts have been made
to reform the country's economy and a small increase has
been seen in the country's GDP in recent years.
2. Democratic Republic of the Congo
PPP per capita: 784
Many years of war and corruption have dramatically
worsened the economic situation in the Democratic
Republic of Congo, despite the country being richest in
natural resources throughout Africa.
The state has high expenditures and low tax revenues,
and with an ever-growing central government debt, the
situation is critical. The majority of the population
lives in terrible poverty and in 2001 the number of
AIDS-infected people in the country amounted to as much
as five percent. In addition, the infrastructure is in
very poor condition and transport options are limited.
With the help of, among others, the IMF and the World
Bank, measures will now be taken to try to reverse the
economic development in the country.
1. Central African Republic
PPP per capita: 656
Agriculture and forestry are the main industries in
the Central African Republic and the majority of the
population lives on self-employed farm farming.
Diamond exports previously accounted for more than
half of export revenues, but have recently been strongly
affected by illegal diamond smuggling. The gaps between
high- and low-income earners are enormous, largely
caused by a failed economic policy.
The country's economic growth is further hampered by
poor infrastructure with substandard transport networks
and unskilled labor.